petunia n : any of numerous tropical herbs having fluted funnel-shaped flowers
Pronunciation(US) IPA: /pəˈtunjə/
- Japanese: 暗紫色 (あんししょく, anshishoku)
- of a dark purple colour, like that of some petunia flowers.
- Japanese: 暗紫色の (あんししょくの, anshishoku)
- petunia (flower)
Petunia is a trumpet shaped, widely-cultivated genus of flowering plants of South American origin, in the family Solanaceae. The popular flower got its name from French, which took the word petun 'tobacco' from a Tupi-Guarani language. Most of the varieties seen in gardens are hybrids (Petunia x hybrida). The origin of P. x hybrida is thought to be by hybridization between P. axillaris and P. integrifolia. Many open-pollinated species are also gaining popularity in the home garden. A wide range of flower colors, sizes, and plant architectures are available in both the hybrid and open-pollinated species.
Some botanists place the plants of the genus Calibrachoa in the genus Petunia. Botanically speaking, tobacco, tomato, potato, and petunia are all in the family Solanaceae.
Petunias are generally insect pollinated with the exception of P. exserta, which is a rare, bird pollinated species. Most petunias are diploid with 14 chromosomes and are interfertile with other petunia species.
The foliage of Petunias is sometimes eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Dot Moth and Hummingbird hawk moth.
If growing petunias, it's best to leave them in full sunlight and only water them when their soil is dry to the touch. Although generally grown as annuals (at least in temperate areas), they are perennial in warm climates (roughly zone 9 or warmer).
commons Petunia hybrida
petunia in Bulgarian: Петуния
petunia in German: Petunien
petunia in Spanish: Petunia
petunia in Esperanto: Petunio
petunia in French: Pétunia
petunia in Korean: 피튜니아
petunia in Italian: Petunia
petunia in Lithuanian: Petunija
petunia in Dutch: Petunia
petunia in Japanese: ペチュニア
petunia in Polish: Petunia ogrodowa
petunia in Portuguese: Petunia
petunia in Romanian: Petunia
petunia in Russian: Петуния
petunia in Simple English: Petunia
petunia in Turkish: Petunya
petunia in Urdu: پیٹونیا